|Objection letter B - RoWCA|
RoWCA objection sample letter
Keywords: community. planning
|PublicForum Interview with Nick Wates - Beth Offenbacker|
A PublicForum interview, conducted in June 2009, with author, teacher and practitioner Nick Wates.
Keywords: Community Planning Events; participation; engagement
|ERIC ED210168: Working for Clean Water, 2: Citizen Handbooks. An Information Program for Advisory Groups. - ERIC|
Presented is material from an information program designed to help citizen advisory groups and local officials improve decision-making in water quality planning. This program is aimed at helping people focus on essential issues and questions by providing materials suitable for persons with non-technical backgrounds. The following chapters are included: (1) Innovative and Alternate Technologies; (2) Water Conservation and Reuse; (3) Land Treatment; (4) Cost-Effectiveness Analysis; (5) Environment...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Advisory Committees; Citizen Participation; Community Planning; Economics; Facility Planning; Water Pollution; Water Resources
|ERIC ED380301: Toward Sustainable Communities: A Resource Book for Municipal and Local Governments. - ERIC|
This book is intended as a resource for elected officials, municipal staff, and citizens who would like to apply the concept of sustainable development in their communities through an ecosystems approach to human settlements management. The subcomponents of human community life and its impact on the environment are explored. Included are tested, practical suggestions, helpful contacts, and essential references to use in setting community planning and development on a sustainable course...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Action; Community Development; Community Planning; Environmental Education; Local Government; Municipalities; Sustainable Development
|ERIC ED361511: Improving the Quality of Continuing Higher Educators' Leadership Role in Economic and Community Development Planning. Research Report. - ERIC|
In response to a 1991 call issued by the American Association of State Colleges and Universities, eight institutions were selected to participate in a model process designed to involve higher education in the economics of community development. They were: Bloomsburg University, Chadron State College, Kean College of New Jersey, Murray State University, Northwestern State University of Louisiana, Shawnee State University, the State University of New York at Brockport, and Western Carolina Univers...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Faculty; Community Development; Community Planning; Economic Development; Higher Education; Leadership Responsibility; Professional Continuing Education; Teacher Role
|ERIC ED291618: The Humanities and the Constitution: Resources for Public Humanities Programs on the Bicentennial of the U.S. Constitution. A Supplement to "The Constitution and the Community." - ERIC|
This report, a supplement to "The Constitution and the Community: A Resource for Planning Humanities-Based Programs on the United States Constitution," describes resources for community oriented U.S. Constitution bicentennial celebration programs. Part 1 outlines basic planning procedures in terms of: (1) focusing on humanities; (2) forming planning committees; (3) identifying audiences; (4) designing programs; (5) choosing program participants; (6) obtaining project funding; (7) publicizing pro...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Planning; Community Programs; Constitutional History; Humanities; National Programs; Resource Materials; Social Studies; State Programs; United States History
|ERIC ED271603: Community Involvement in Transportation Planning. Technical Report Series 37. - ERIC|
This paper is designed to assist city staffs and transportation agencies in organizing effective community involvement programs. The role of nontechnical information in the decision making process is addressed first, to help professional engineers and planners consider its importance in planning and implementation. In a chapter on value clarification, leadership skills for group meetings are described...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adults; Citizen Participation; Community Coordination; Community Involvement; Community Planning; Land Use; Leadership Qualities; Meetings; Transportation; Urban Planning
|ERIC ED271270: Commercial Sector Development in Rural Communities: Trade Area Analysis. Hard Times: Communities in Transition. - ERIC|
The paper addresses the importance of developing a rural community's commercial sector for economic development by providing some analytical tools. Procedures are outlined to estimate commercial sector activity in a community, to estimate commercial sector activity for various counties within a state (Nevada is used as an example), and to develop strategies for strengthening activity in a rural community's commercial sector...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Change Strategies; Community Change; Community Development; Community Planning; Economic Development; Evaluation Methods; Rural Development; Small Businesses; Technical Assistance
|ERIC ED359099: [KIDS Consortium and Related Materials.] - ERIC|
The KIDS Consortium is a private, non-profit organization that seeks to promote, facilitate, and institutionalize the involvement of children and youth in their communities in Maine. Kids as Planners, the central program of the KIDS Consortium, gives students the opportunity to become apprentice citizens by working with adult citizens in hands-on activities. These materials include newsletters, and journal and newspaper articles that describe the involvement of Maine youth in community planning ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Citizen Participation; Community Development; Community Planning; Elementary Secondary Education; Public Policy; Student Volunteers; Youth Opportunities; Youth Programs
|ERIC ED325294: 7 Secrets to Coping with Change in Small Towns. - ERIC|
This booklet is written from the perspective that small towns can survive in changing times with the right leadership. It is intended for use by educators involved with community development or by extension educators. The attitudes and behaviors of leaders are key factors that will help communities cope with change. No longer will a town survive simply because it is located next to a major highway or close to a larger city...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Action; Community Attitudes; Community Change; Community Development; Community Planning; Community Resources; Community Support; Leadership; Rural Areas
|ERIC ED350725: What Other Communities Are Doing...National Education Goal #6. - ERIC|
Guidelines that will help individual communities reach the sixth National Education Goal are provided in this document. The goal states that by the year 2000, every American school will be free of drugs and violence and will offer a disciplined environment conducive to learning. Five stages in achieving safe and drug-free schools are outlined: (1) identify the problem; (2) engage the entire community; (3) establish and enforce strong antidrug and antiviolence policies; (4) develop a drug educati...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Cooperation; Community Planning; Community Programs; Drug Abuse; Elementary Secondary Education; School Policy; School Safety; School Security; Violence
|ERIC ED376581: Creating a School Violence Committee. The WEA Local Leader's Handbook. - ERIC|
This handbook presents guidelines and the rationale for creating a school violence committee. The committee is composed of Washington Education Association (WEA) members and addresses issues related to school safety. The committee defines the problem, sets goals for reaching solutions, and implements an action plan. Members may also review contract language related to student violence, discipline, and safe working conditions; review school district policy about school employees' role in crisis s...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Advisory Committees; Citizen Participation; Community Action; Community Involvement; Community Planning; Elementary Secondary Education; School Safety; State Legislation; Violence
|ERIC ED357459: Community Education: A Resource and Planning Guide. - ERIC|
Suggestions for developing active school-community partnerships are offered in this guidebook, which is based on the experiences of many Wisconsin communities. A central theme is that today's public schools must rediscover the importance of integrating the entire community with the formal education process and lifelong learning. Chapter 1 describes how community education can make a difference by serving both students and community members...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Coordination; Community Education; Community Planning; Community Programs; Community Schools; Elementary Secondary Education; School Community Relationship
|ERIC ED219223: Capacity Building Needs of Rural Areas in Virginia. Executive Summary and Recommendations. - ERIC|
To assess the capacity building needs of rural areas brought on both by internal demands of local citizens for improvements in community assistance and services and demands placed on local communities by higher levels of government, information and data were obtained from personal interviews with 93 local officials and 344 community leaders in 8 rural areas of Virginia in 1977. Major community needs were found to exist in engineering and public works, industrial development, recreation, educatio...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Agency Cooperation; Citizen Participation; Community Planning; Coordination; Fiscal Capacity; Local Government; Needs Assessment; Rural Areas; Staff Utilization
|ERIC ED314197: Family Day Care Zoning. Local Officials Guide. - ERIC|
This guide discusses city planning issues related to family day care zoning. The guide is divided into five sections. The first section discusses child care as a planning issue and focuses on changes in working patterns of families and in residential neighborhoods. The second section describes components of the child care delivery system, which include resource and referral agencies, in-home care, child care centers, and family day care...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Planning; Family Day Care; Land Use; Local Government; Local Issues; Local Legislation; Neighborhoods; Urban Planning; Zoning
|ERIC ED350724: What Other Communities Are Doing...National Education Goal #5. America 2000 Issues. - ERIC|
Suggestions designed to help communities attain the fifth National Education Goal are offered in this document. The goal states that by the year 2000, every adult American will be literate and will possess the knowledge and skills necessary to compete in a global economy and exercise the rights and responsibilities of citizenship. Seven principles for consideration when developing a community strategy are discussed: changing attitudes; getting to know the community; reaching out; creating skill ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adult Basic Education; Adult Literacy; Community Action; Community Planning; Community Programs; Educational Objectives; Literacy; Literacy Education
|ERIC ED350720: America 2000 Communities: Designing a Report Card. America 2000 Issues. - ERIC|
Guidelines for designing a report card to measure community progress toward achieving the six National Education Goals are provided in this document. The purpose of a community report card is to evaluate how well a strategy was implemented and how well the strategy moved the community closer to its goals. The public report card also establishes a baseline that describes the community's status in relation to its desired outcomes, and designates a community definition of each national goal...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Action; Community Planning; Community Role; Educational Assessment; Educational Objectives; Elementary Secondary Education; Program Evaluation; School Community Relationship
|ERIC ED272335: Understanding Your Local Economy: Economic Base Analysis and Local Development Strategies. Community Economics. - ERIC|
Community decision makers selecting an economic development strategy most appropriate for their local community must begin with an understanding of how their local economy functions, what its economic base is, and how changes in that base may affect local economic structure and performance. The economic base approach emphasizes the roles of exports and imports in generating local income and employment...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Change Strategies; Community Planning; Economic Development; Employment; Financial Policy; Income; Local Issues; Policy Formation; Rural Areas; Rural Economics
|ERIC ED210167: Working for Clean Water, 1: Citizen Handbooks. An Information Program for Advisory Groups. - ERIC|
Presented is material from an information program designed to help citizen advisory groups and local officials improve decision-making in water quality planning. This program is aimed at helping people focus on essential issues and questions by providing materials suitable for persons with non-technical backgrounds. The following chapters are included: (1) Role of Advisory Groups; (2) Public Participation; (3) Facility Planning in the Construction Grants Program; (4) Municipal Wastewater Process...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Advisory Committees; Citizen Participation; Citizen Role; Community Planning; Facility Planning; Municipalities; Water Pollution; Water Resources
|ERIC ED252351: Interagency Coordination and Rapid Community Growth. Coping with Growth. - ERIC|
Promoting coordinated and/or joint programs among local agencies is one strategy small, rural communities can use to cope with rapid population and economic growth. Interagency coordination is a process in which two or more organizations come together to solve a specific problem or meet a specific need. Coordination means more than just cooperation and ranges from informal information exchanges to formalized, joint relationships...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Agency Cooperation; Community Coordination; Community Planning; Coordination; Coping; Economic Change; Leaders Guides; Population Growth; Program Development; Program Implementation; Resource Materials; Rural Areas
|ERIC ED306065: A Rural Economic Development Source Book: Selected Training and Technical Assistance Materials. - ERIC|
This sourcebook offers training and technical assistance materials for use in planning rural economic development strategies. It is intended that this book be used by public officials, community leaders, and rural development practitioners who are concerned with strengthening the economics of small towns and rural areas throughout the United States. The material was gathered via letters, telephone interviews, and database searches by professionals in universities, national associations research ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Change Strategies; Community Development; Community Planning; Developmental Programs; Economic Change; Economic Development; Economic Opportunities; Economic Progress; Resource Materials; Rural Areas; Rural Development; Rural Economics; Social Change
|ERIC ED274478: Population Change in Local Areas. Hard Times: Communities in Transition. - ERIC|
Although knowledge of how the population of an area is structured and how it is constantly changing will not solve problems created by the changes, it will provide a basis for understanding the needs of an area and for better program planning. Population processes that produce growth or decline in areas include natural increase, migration, and changes in age structures. National trends related to household size, family structure, women's participation in the labor force, and income distribution ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Census Figures; Community Change; Community Planning; Definitions; Family Size; Geographic Distribution; Information Sources; Local Issues; Migration; Population Distribution; Population Trends; Rural Development
|ERIC ED296853: Notes toward the Establishment of Educational Partnerships in Rural Communities. - ERIC|
This study of leadership and collaboration in rural adult education begins by outlining the conditions that alter education's role in the community. The stability of land ownership, the relationship between hard work and success and the reliability of traditional methodology can no longer be taken for granted. The educational need for rural adults today is not for more innovative programs, but for focused initiative that produces results on the local, state, and national levels...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adult Education; Community Colleges; Community Cooperation; Community Coordination; Community Involvement; Community Leaders; Community Planning; Leadership; Linking Agents; Postsecondary Education; Public Education; Rural Development; Rural Education
|ERIC ED285750: Open Space and Land Development. A Basic Guide to Management and Preservation of Open Space, Parks, and Recreation Areas in Urban Communities. - ERIC|
Control of urban development and preservations of open space have become increasingly controversial issues in recent years. This booklet was prepared to help citizens and local officials resolve these types of issues. It is intended to provide a framework for positive discussions between citizens and local officials, and includes an introduction to some of the philosophical and technical issues which generally underlie the creation of a systematic policy for managing local open space...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Advocacy; Citizen Participation; Citizen Role; Community Cooperation; Community Planning; Community Problems; Ecological Factors; Environmental Education; Land Acquisition; Land Use; Local Government; Local Issues; Zoning
|ERIC ED282322: Education Planning for a Post-Industrial Society: A Comprehensive Community-Based Approach to Planning for School Systems. Working Paper. - ERIC|
Instead of occurring in a vacuum, educational planning should use strategic, priority-driven approach that articulates the interactions between the community and the schools. Such planning requires understanding of the community context and goals and values for public schools. This working paper attempts to apply urban planning methods to educational long-range planning. The first part explains an innovative approach synthesizing 20 years of prior studies by presenting the conceptual framework, ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Planning; Educational Facilities Planning; Educational Planning; Educational Trends; Elementary Secondary Education; Futures (of Society); Long Range Planning; School Community Relationship; Technological Advancement; Urban Planning
|ERIC ED314313: A Guidebook to Selected Projects in Design Education. - ERIC|
Design education includes those projects or activities where children are actively engaged in a process of making and doing with architecture, landscape architecture, urban design, and/or city planning as a context for the learning activity. The goal of such experiences is to sensitize children to their surroundings and better inform them about the process of design that ultimately affects the physical, social, and economic conditions of their community...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Architecture; Building Design; Community Planning; Curriculum Enrichment; Elementary Secondary Education; Human Resources; Land Use; Landscaping; Learning Activities; Resource Materials; School Community Programs; Urban Environment; Urban Planning
|ERIC ED234979: Agricultural Land: Is Our Food Factory in Danger? [Fastback Booklet]. - ERIC|
This environmental teaching guide is designed to help Illinois teachers promote wise land-use planning at the secondary level. Program objectives, background information, activities and games for use in and outside of the classroom, a simulated problem-solving exercise, resource lists, and a test with answers are included. (JW)
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Agricultural Production; Class Activities; Community Planning; Conservation (Environment); Environmental Education; Field Experience Programs; Instructional Materials; Land Use; Secondary Education; Simulation; Student Projects; Teaching Guides
|ERIC ED353072: Beyond Tinkering: Transformation. A Community Plan for Helping All Children Learn. - ERIC|
This booklet is designed to help people in Maine communities organize on a local level to address one of the main goals of the America 2000 program, that all children will start school ready to learn. The booklet suggests that this goal is more complicated than it first appears and that its meaning can vary, depending upon the perspective from which it is viewed. Meeting this complex and important goal will require more than a master plan developed by a few community leaders and government offic...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Action; Community Involvement; Community Planning; Early Childhood Education; Educational Improvement; Informal Assessment; Learning Readiness; Public Policy; School Readiness; State Programs; Young Children
|ERIC ED383851: 1993/94 Literacy Community Planning Process (LCPP) Profile Analysis. - ERIC|
The Literacy Community Planning Process (LCPP) was intended to assist Ontario communities in comprehensive planning to meet the needs of adult learners requiring training in basic literacy and numeracy. In the first phase, 59 local LCPP committees and 4 literacy networks submitted community profiles to the Literacy Section of the Ontario Training and Adjustment Board. Each profile described the social and economic context of the community, outlined existing literacy services, and identified resi...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adult Basic Education; Adult Literacy; Adult Students; Community Planning; Educational Needs; Foreign Countries; Labor Force Development; Literacy Education; Needs Assessment; Numeracy
|ERIC ED388894: Family and Community Vulnerability Determination: Needs Assessment through Meta-Analysis. - ERIC|
In order to determine the relevance and provide suggestions for needs assessment in western Kansas, this document examines 81 theses that are relevant to the topic. The implications of the study are as follows: (1) programs within schools and communities in western Kansas are having little effect on important populations; (2) restructuring within communities and schools is needed in order to more fully address the needs of people, particularly children; (3) substantial unhappiness exists within ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Community Development; Community Planning; Community Schools; Community Study; Employment Level; Income; Intervention; Meta Analysis; Mobility; Needs Assessment; Occupational Mobility; Rural Areas
|ERIC ED225755: Assessing Fiscal Impact of Rural Growth. Coping With Growth. - ERIC|
Growth or development affects a rural community in three separate but interrelated areas: private, social, and public sectors. Private impacts are economic shocks to businesses and citizens of the community. Social impacts affect the community structure as well as individuals within the community, i.e., increased property tax costs may create hardships for young residents who wish to purchase housing, as well as for older residents on fixed incomes...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Planning; Community Problems; Community Services; Decision Making; Evaluation Methods; Financial Problems; Fiscal Capacity; Guidelines; Long Range Planning; Population Growth; Public Officials; Rural Areas; Rural Development
|ERIC ED352715: Community Visioning: Generating Support and Action for Community Education. - ERIC|
Ways in which community "visioning" can be used to generate support and action for community education are described in this paper. Six steps in the community visioning process are discussed: (1) preparing; (2) conducting a workshop; (3) obtaining community feedback; (4) action planning; (5) recruiting, implementing, and following up; and (6) evaluating and celebrating. The community visioning model presents an alternative to the traditional needs-based or deficit-planning process in the followi...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Action; Community Development; Community Education; Community Planning; Community Support; Educational Planning; Elementary Secondary Education; Models; School Community Relationship
|ERIC ED369439: Moving Teaching and Learning into the Twenty-first Century through Community-Based Programming. - ERIC|
The Technical College of the Lowcountry (TCL), in South Carolina, is one of eight pilot community colleges involved in the Academy for Community College Leadership Advancement, Innovation, and Modeling (ACCLAIM). ACCLAIM is a demonstration project involving colleges in Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina concerned with expanding the colleges' role in community-based programming (CBP), and includes such components as a continuing education program for college staff, an interdis...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Role; Community Colleges; Community Coordination; Community Planning; Community Role; Environmental Scanning; Faculty Development; Leadership Training; Professional Development; Program Implementation; School Community Relationship; Two Year Colleges
|ERIC ED215194: Community Planning Through Innovative Strategies: Games and Other Tactics. - ERIC|
This manual was developed to provide an overview of participative planning for community improvement and to suggest when and how to use games to achieve desired results. It is intended as a tool for the development of relevant activities which will result in innovative solutions to community problems. The manual is organized in four sections. In the first section, approaches to community planning are discussed, and a rationale for game playing is provided...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adults; Community Education; Community Planning; Community Relations; Decision Making; Decision Making Skills; Game Theory; Guidelines; Management Games; Policy Formation; Problem Solving; Program Development; Simulation
|ERIC ED350719: America 2000 Communities: The Four-Part Challenge. America 2000 Issues. - ERIC|
The engine that drives the America 2000 strategy is the Community Challenge--a nationwide movement designed to help America move itself, community by community, toward the six National Education Goals. A community can do four things to become an America 2000 community: (1) adopt the six national education goals; (2) develop a communitywide strategy to achieve them; (3) design a report card to measure progress; and (4) plan for and support a new American School...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Action; Community Planning; Educational Change; Educational Innovation; Educational Objectives; Elementary Secondary Education; Program Development; Program Evaluation; School Community Relationship
|ERIC ED364394: Population Change: Know the Trends in Your Community. Coping with Change. Revised. - ERIC|
Community leaders and government agency representatives need to understand local population trends, particularly in situations of rapid change. This publication outlines a simple framework for analysis of population changes, along with useful methods and criteria that can be applied when considering management and policy alternatives. Two population communities must be considered: longterm residents and newcomers...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Change; Community Planning; Community Services; Data Analysis; Economic Impact; Elementary Secondary Education; Migration; Population Growth; Population Trends; Public Policy; Rural Development; Social Services; Trend Analysis
|MIT 11.945 Springfield Studio, Fall 2005 - MIT OpenCourseWare|
The Springfield Studio is a practicum course that focuses on the economic, programmatic and social renewal of an urban community in Springfield, Massachusetts by combining classroom work with an applied class project. The course content covers the areas of neighborhood economic development and the related analysis and planning tools used to understand and assess urban conditions from an economic and community development perspective...
Keywords: economic development; civic planning; community planning; urban renewal; phasing; neighborhood revitalization; Springfield; Massacusetts; community interaction; urban fabric; economic development; social renewal; entrepreneurship; economic analysis; small business development; politics
|ERIC ED218504: Community Education: A Community Planning Process Guide. - ERIC|
Designed to assist in the planning of community education and services, this booklet offers an argument in support of as well as step-by-step implementation instructions for a 2-day planning process. Following a discussion of the advantages of cooperative planning, the community planning process is outlined. Examined next are the reasons why a 2-day structure fosters cooperation and produces solutions to problems...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Cooperation; Community Education; Community Planning; Cooperative Planning; Definitions; Educational Planning; Guidelines; Meetings; Planning; Program Design; Program Development; Program Effectiveness; Program Implementation
|ERIC ED218792: Impacts of Oil Shale Development on Education in the Uintah Basin. A Report on a Community Based Approach to Education Planning in Communities Facing Rapid Growth. - ERIC|
Three counties in eastern Utah's Uintah Basin face the likelihood of rapid growth because of planned oil shale and tar sands development in the area. This seven-part report describes a federally-funded, community-based project to plan for expected impacts of the energy developments on Uintah Basin education. After an introductory overview, the second section outlines the oil shale and tar sands projects, connected developments, constraints on the projects, and projected trends in total and schoo...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Charts; Community Involvement; Community Planning; Community Programs; Economic Development; Educational Development; Educational Needs; Educational Planning; Educational Trends; Enrollment Projections; Models; Population Growth; Tables (Data)
|ERIC ED219224: Capacity Building Needs of Rural Areas in Virginia. - ERIC|
Information and data were obtained from personal interviews with 93 local officials and 344 community leaders in 8 rural areas of Virginia in 1977 to assess the capacity building needs of rural areas brought on both by internal demands of local citizens for improvements in community assistance and services, and demands placed on local communities by higher levels of government. The study identified community needs, capacity building needs, capacity building gaps, and suggested mechanisms that co...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Agency Cooperation; Attitudes; Citizen Participation; Community Leaders; Community Planning; Coordination; Fiscal Capacity; Labor Utilization; Local Government; Needs Assessment; Questionnaires; Rural Areas
|ERIC ED384539: The Politics of City Planning Simulations. - ERIC|
This research paper presents an analysis of the computer simulation, SimCity, used for an urban city planning class. The data were gathered by actual use of the simulation and an electronic mail network was employed to secure impressions from users of the simulation. SimCity (developed by Maxis) provides the player with rules of human factors, economic factors, survival factors, and political factors that are both opportunities and constraints to the master planner...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; City Government; Community Planning; Computer Simulation; Educational Games; Human Geography; Land Use; Simulated Environment; Teaching Methods; Urban Areas; Urban Environment; Urban Planning; Urban Studies; Urbanization
|ERIC ED350721: What Other Communities Are Doing...National Education Goal #1. - ERIC|
Suggestions for helping communities achieve the first National Education Goal--by the year 2000, all children will start school ready to learn--are presented in this document. The ways in which readiness is developed and what communities can do to support families are described. Examples are provided of 13 community projects that are preparing children to learn. A list of 26 resource groups and 38 suggested readings are included...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Child Development; Community Planning; Community Support; Educational Objectives; Elementary Secondary Education; Learning Readiness; Program Development; School Community Relationship; School Readiness
|ERIC ED350722: What Other Communities Are Doing...National Education Goal #2. - ERIC|
Guidelines designed to help individual communities achieve the second National Education Goal are offered in this document. The goal states that by the year 2000, the high school graduation rate will increase to at least 90 percent. Eight suggestions for creating successful dropout prevention efforts are discussed: start early; set high expectations for all students; monitor student progress closely; personalize instruction; keep classes small; make educational experiences relevant; make schooli...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; At Risk Persons; Community Action; Community Planning; Community Programs; Community Role; Dropout Prevention; Dropout Programs; Dropout Rate; Educational Attainment; Educational Objectives; Program Development; Secondary Education
|ERIC ED364247: Community Needs Assessment for Public Library Services. A Working Paper of the Utah Public Library Institute for Training. - ERIC|
Part of the Striving for Excellence program of the Utah State Library requires participating public libraries to conduct community needs assessments. This is a way for library directors and trustees to find out if the mission they have chosen and the policies they have written are still appropriate as they identify the strengths and weaknesses of their programs. The assessment plans detailed in this booklet are designed for small and rural libraries...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Needs; Community Planning; Community Surveys; Evaluation Methods; Library Development; Library Planning; Library Policy; Library Services; Needs Assessment; Objectives; Policy Formation; Profiles; Program Evaluation; Public Libraries; Rural Areas; State Programs; Worksheets
|ERIC ED252356: Programming Capital Improvements. Coping With Growth. - ERIC|
Capital improvements programming is one financial managment technique for providing public services within the constraints of limited financial resources--a particular problem for communities experiencing rapid population growth. Long-range planning and improvement of public facilities for water supply, sewage treatment, parks and recreation, transportation, housing, health care, education, and other facilities are of special concern...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Budgeting; Capital Outlay (for Fixed Assets); Community Planning; Coping; Definitions; Financial Support; Leaders Guides; Long Range Planning; Participative Decision Making; Population Growth; Program Content; Program Development; Program Effectiveness; Program Proposals; Public Facilities; Resource Materials
|ERIC ED252349: Minimizing Public Costs of Residential Growth. Coping With Growth. - ERIC|
Rapid residential growth in rural areas or on the fringes of urban areas brings both costs and benefits. Seven factors determine whether new homes and subdivisions generate more revenues than expenditures. Local governments can substantially influence four of these seven factors in order to reduce the public costs of residential growth. Less controllable factors include number of children in new homes, assessed value of new homes, and excess capacity in public facilities...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Planning; Community Problems; Coping; Costs; Decision Making; Government Role; Housing Industry; Leaders Guides; Local Issues; Planned Communities; Policy Formation; Population Growth; Public Policy; Resource Materials; Rural Areas; Rural Development
|ERIC ED252355: Growth Impacts on Public Service Expenditures: Some Questions for the Community. Coping with Growth. - ERIC|
Defining public services as the basic community/regional services which are provided to residents through tax receipts and service charges, this publication identifies variables for each service group and presents them in the form of questions that communities should find useful when analyzing impacts of growth. After listing questions dealing with the two key variables--the number of new people and where they will be located--the guide propounds questions about education, fire and police protec...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Planning; Coping; Costs; Educational Demand; Fire Protection; Health Services; Leaders Guides; Needs Assessment; Police; Policy Formation; Population Growth; Residential Patterns; Resource Materials; Road Construction; Waste Disposal; Water Resources
|ERIC ED292168: The Gaston System: A Community Plans for the Future. - ERIC|
In response to pervasive problems of low income, anticipated loss of employment in the textile industry, high dropout rates, high crime rates, and poor relationships among municipalities, Gaston County, North Carolina, has developed an innovative set of processes for promoting cooperation and facilitating leadership techniques. The Gaston System consists of three key components: analyzing problems systematically, developing processes to increase citizen involvement in decisionmaking, and using i...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Board of Education Role; Community Change; Community Cooperation; Community Coordination; Community Development; Community Involvement; Community Planning; Community Responsibility; Community Support; Elementary Secondary Education; Participative Decision Making; Problem Solving; School Community Relationship
|ERIC ED287651: Financing and Sustaining Mobility Programs in Rural Areas: A Manual. Final Report. - ERIC|
This manual focuses on the start-up and operation of low-cost transportation in rural areas. A principal focus is the use of volunteers and/or the consolidation of rides through a brokerage program. Chapter One provides an overview of what financial and operating decisions must be made to design a volunteer system. Chapter Two describes easy methods for determining need for service and discusses needs assessment and demand estimation relative to the issues of passenger willingness to pay...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Planning; Community Programs; Delivery Systems; Financial Support; Guidelines; Needs Assessment; Program Costs; Program Descriptions; Program Design; Program Development; Rural Areas; Rural Development; Self Help Programs; Transportation; Voluntary Agencies; Volunteers
|ERIC ED387308: Combined Report, 1994: Selected Research and Extension Projects of the Four Regional Rural Development Centers. NERCRD Publication No. 69. - ERIC|
Small towns and rural places face numerous barriers to development. In response, the four Regional Rural Development Centers serve as regional and national networks to catalyze, initiate, facilitate, and evaluate research and educational programs that have potential to improve rural economic and social well-being. Such programs focus on developing skills and problem solving processes of individuals in small towns and rural places...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adult Education; Community Development; Community Planning; Conservation (Environment); Delivery Systems; Economic Development; Family Programs; Human Services; Leadership Training; Poverty; Profiles; Program Descriptions; Regional Programs; Research and Development Centers; Research Projects; Rural Development; Rural Education; Rural Extension; Youth Programs